Ushuaia (pronounced u-shwa'-a) is a small city at the tip of Argentine South America. It is commonly regarded as the southernmost city in the world (a title long disputed by smaller Puerto Williams in Chile). It is located on the Beagle Channel, which, along with Drake Passage and Straits of Magellan, is one of the 3 routes around Cape Horn and South America. The British ship HMS Beagle under the command of Captain Robert FitzRoy first reached the Beagle channel on January 29, 1833 during its maiden voyage surveying Tierra del Fuego. Located at the end of the southern hemisphere, it is becoming an important tourist destination for people traveling to Antarctica, the Falklands, or visiting Tierra del Fuego National Park or Patagonia. The shops are filled with outdoor gear and the streets populated with sporting types ready for outdoor fun. For many years the biggest industry was a large and historic prison, which had more inmates (some of them political prisoners) than the town had regular residents. Many of the homes and buildings are quite attractive. The area reminds a lot of people of Alaska. The population is 57,000.