Hillsborough, North Carolina, an early colonial town, was founded in 1754, as the seat of local government for Orange County, and was a center of political activity during the colonial and Revolutionary period. The North Carolina Provincial Congress met here in 1775, as did the North Carolina General Assembly in 1778,1782, and 1783. The town was also the site of the first North Carolina ratifying convention in 1788, to determine whether or not to ratify the Constitution. Due to its rich history, the downtown is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and features more than 100 homes, churches, schools, and other structures from the late 18th and 19th centuries. Among the buildings open to the public is the Visitors Center, which served as Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's headquarters when he surrendered the largest of the Confederate armies to Gen. William T. Sherman, leading to the Civil War's end.
Today, Hillsborough, with a population of just over 6,000, is a tourist destination. In 2014, it was described in the Wall Street Journal as "America's Little Literary Town" due to a high concentration of famous writers who live here, including Pulitzer Prize winner Annie Dillard and award winning novelist Michael Malone. Hillsborough was also named one of America's Coolest Small Towns 2015 by Budget Travel Magazine. Picture of Orange County Courthouse and picture of Orange County Historical Museum courtesy of Wikipedia and Alexisrael, picture of Eno River in Hillsborough courtesy of Wikipedia.